Arthritis is a name referring to more than 100 types of joint conditions that affect over 50 million adults and 300,000 children in the USA alone.
The pain from arthritis stems from the inflammation that occurs around the joint, damage to the joint or muscle strains in the fatigued muscles surrounding the joint.
A joint is where bones meet. We have many joints in our body, like knee, wrist, hip and fingers. The bones that meet in the joint must be held together by muscles and some of these muscles also helps us bend at the joint. Some joints allows for a lot of movement, like the shoulders, while others only allow for slight or even no movement at all.
At the point where the bones meet there is cartilage, a soft material that works as a cushion so they bones wont grind on each other. When cartilage disappear, because of wear and tear or because of a disease, it causes pain. And since there is no cushion between the two bones, they grind against each other and slowly starts eroding.
Arthritis is the name of joint disorders involving inflammation. So joint disorder caused by an accident wont necessarily be classified as arthritis.
The different types of Arthritis
Arthritis is the leading cause of disability in people over the age of 55. There are many different forms of arthritis, each of which has a different cause. The most common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis occurs following an infection of the joint or simply as a result of aging.
Other forms of arthritis are rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis, which are autoimmune diseases where the body is attacking itself. Septic arthritis is caused by a joint infection. Gouty arthritis is caused by deposition of uric acid crystals in the joint that results in subsequent inflammation.
Learn more about some of the more common types of Arthritis by selecting from the list below: